He followed that up with this tweet on Wednesday: President Trump on Wednesday evening signed an executive order “temporarily suspending immigration into the United States.”Trump said the move, which he announced in a Monday tweet, was necessary to help Americans get back to work after the coronavirus pandemic.“This will ensure that unemployed Americans of all backgrounds will be first in line for jobs as our economy reopens,” he said.The order includes a long list of exemptions, including for people who are currently in the country and those who are seeking entry to the U.S. to work as physicians and nurses, in addition to spouses and minor children of American citizens. The 60-day suspension also does not affect hundreds of thousands of temporary work visas which the country issues every year.The temporary policy will limit the ability of current green card holders to sponsor their extended families, a practice the president has previously called “chain immigration” and tried to restrict.On Monday, Trump tweeted: In discussing the action, White House spokeswoman Kayleigh McEnany said, “This is common sense the American people can very well understand: When Americans need jobs, Americans must come first.”“The president’s immigration policy just makes sense,” agreed Trump campaign spokesman Tim Murtaugh. With 22 million Americans applying for unemployment in recent weeks, he asked, “Why would you in good conscience introduce brand-new competition for them?”
Donegal County Council will be supporting the 3rd annual “Make Way Day” in September 2020. Cllr. Jimmy Kavanagh had asked at the November meeting if the council would commit to supporting the initiative.“Make Way Day” is a campaign that brings the disability and wider community together to consider the needs of people with disabilities in the public spaces we all share. It is led by the Disability Federation of Ireland and is a unique collaboration across Ireland and the voluntary and local government sectors.“Make Way Day” is about people with disabilities, but it takes the involvement of all of us to make it a success, and to create awareness of the obstacles facing people with disabilities; wheelchair users, the visually impaired and the elderly as they go about their daily lives.Cllr Kavanagh said “I had been contacted about the issue and it was pointed out to me that many councils across Ireland have passed resolutions indicating that they support the initiative.“Donegal County Council had not done so, but in reply to my query I have been given a clear commitment that they are fully supportive of the initiative and I am delighted that they have done so, said Cllr. Kavanagh. The council will also be actively involved in their support of “Make Way Day.”In a written reply to Councillor Kavanagh, the Council stated “Donegal County Council will be supporting the 3rd annual ‘Make Way Day’ in September 2020. The Council will be doing this in collaboration with local disability groups by inviting volunteers to participate in a fun and leisurely street survey.“Green stickers will be placed on any obstacles identified by the group which pose challenges to people with disabilities.”The aim is to promote awareness amongst business owners and the general public.The top three obstacles that hinder people getting from A to B are simple and avoidable.• Parking on the street• Free standing signs, sandwich boards and bins.• Careless parking of bicycles The Council will be raising awareness using social media posts, uploading photographs and videos of obstacles found.Council to lend its support to “Make Way Day’ was last modified: November 25th, 2019 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
With so many spacecraft touring our solar system, there’s almost too much news to process. Here are a few highlights, starting with Mars, then comets, asteroids, a Titanic puzzle, and what Cassini found mini moons ago.Mars Ice Age: Mars Express may have found evidence for deep ice deposits on Mars around the equator in the past, reports BBC News. The article also states that, unlike Earth, Mars is subject to changes to its tilt axis of up to 15° due to the lack of a large moon.No Mars Life from Methane: “Forget microbes or Martians,” begins an article on Science Now. According to veteran planetary scientist Sushil Atreya, the methane comes from a natural geological process called serpentinization.Mars Gusev Crater Had Water: A team analyzing Spirit data believes they have chemical evidence that water moved and deposited some of the rocks, according to a U of Washington press release.Mars Missing Carbonates: Sky and Telescope proposed a solution to the Martian missing carbonates problem: they never had a chance to form in the first place. This is one of the “great mysteries” about Mars. “Thus far, geologists have yet to find more than small amounts of carbonates on the Martian surface,” the article said.Comet Tempel 1, a Gutless Wonder: “Comet reveals crumbly guts” says [email protected] The texture appears to resemble “a loose collection of particles, like a weak sponge held together only by its own gravity.” Investigator Michael A’Hearn thinks you could dig from one side to the other with your bare hands. Science News made the Deep Impact mission its cover story for Sept. 10, and it also made prominent press in Science last week. The presence of carbonates and other minerals on the comet, thought to require formation in liquid water, is also puzzling. More detail on the spectral analysis can be found at Earth Files by Linda Moulton Howe who interviewed Dr. Carely Lisse of the Deep Impact team. Now that Comet Tempel 1 looks soft and crumbly, the mission planners of Rosetta are worried their spacecraft won’t find a solid surface to land on when it encounters another comet in 2011. New Scientist is asking why in the last four comet encounters, the scientists’ predictions were all wrong. In “Comet Tails of the Unexpected,” Stuart Clark begins, “We have now had four close encounters with comets, and every one of them has thrown astronomers onto their back foot.”Cowabunga, Hayabusa: A little-known Japanese spacecraft named Hayabusa has arrived at an asteroid. The Japanese Institute of Space and Astronautical Science has its first close-up picture of asteroid Itokawa. If successful, it may become the first sample-return mission of an asteroid. Find links to more images at Space.com.Cigar Moon: A planetoid on the outskirts of the solar system is spinning so fast, says Nature Sept. 8, that it is stretched into a cigar shape. If orbital calculations are correct, its day is under four hours.Spoken For: Ring scientists have finally detected the elusive spokes in Saturn’s rings, reports the Cassini imaging team. Their manifestation is apparently a function of solar incidence angle on the rings: the lower the sun angle, the more they appear. With these facts, scientists are working on new models of spoke formation.New Titan Landscape: Cassini photographed a new region of Saturn’s moon Titan on Sept. 7. The JPL press release shows an H-shaped region of contrasting dark and light areas named Fensal and Aztlan. The dark patches are littered with light-colored “islands” that may be upwellings of water ice surrounded by hydrocarbon precipitates. Individual images can also be found on the imaging website.Titan Moonsoons: A suggestion by Dr. Ralph Lorenz that Titan may have rare “monsoons” of liquid methane rain generated a headline on New Scientist. (For context, see the Planetary Society blog by Emily Lakdawalla, who attended the meetings of the Division of Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society in Cambridge last week, and reported what she heard.) The idea is that Titan has long periods of dryness punctuated by heavy downpours, similar to American southwest deserts. Govert Schilling wrote a short report for Science Now, called “Your Outdoor Adventure Guide to Titan.” It’s a world of cryovolcanos, convective clouds, outgassing and condensing methane, and other strange things.Titan Canyonlands Seen in Radar: The radar data swath from the latest Titan flyby, feared lost due to a commanding error to the solid state recorder, was partly recovered and released Sept. 16 – and what a beauty. In three stunning panoramas, scientists detected a methane-lake shoreline, a system of channels most likely scoured by methane rain, and a region of deep canyons up to 650 feet deep and 0.6 miles wide. Some of the canyons can be traced for 120 miles. As noticed before on other parts of the moon, there is a dearth of impact craters in all three frames. See the Cassini press release for the full scoop, images and captions. Space.Com also has a writeup.Splash of the Titans: Southwest Research Institute thinks that an exotic form of life may inhabit Titan, now that evidence for liquid hydrocarbons has been found. BBC News reported on Jonathan Lunine’s contention that Titan, like Earth, occupies a “sweet spot” in terms of temperature and mass that drives active geological and atmospheric processes. Liquid of any sort is all that is needed to get speculations about life flowing (see 07/26/2005 also).Enceladus: Me Too: Science Daily reported a claim by Robert Brown about the results from Saturn’s little moon Enceladus, that the “building blocks of life” could have formed in subsurface liquid water.Miller Time Hangover Back at Earth, Washington U scientists are speculating that there actually was a reducing atmosphere on the early earth, just like Miller and Urey supposed back in 1953 when they generated a few amino acids with their famous spark-discharge apparatus. They deduced this by complex models about minerals in chondrites that they think made up the infant earth. Geologists dispute the scenario, they admit, and getting a reducing atmosphere is not the only requirement for resurrecting the Miller scenario (see 08/15/2005, 06/16/2005).Brown gets Stupid Evolution Quote of the Week for trying to stimulate funding by appeals to the L word:So you’ve got subsurface liquid water, simple organics and water vapor welling up from below. Over time – and Enceladus has been around 4.5 billion years, just like Earth and the rest of the solar system – heating a cocktail of simple organics, water and nitrogen could form some of the most basic building blocks of life. Whether that’s happened at Enceladus is not clear, but Enceladus, much like Jupiter’s moon Europa and the planet Mars, now has to be a place where we eventually search for life.” (Emphasis added.)This is known as the JAWS theory of life (just add water, stupid). We can enjoy the discoveries in the Golden Age of Planetary Science better without the mythoids and the noise of banging crutches on the funding trough (see Berlinski quote). Readers who appreciate more substance than the usual newspaper fluff are encouraged to go nugget hunting on the Planetary Society blog, provided one knows how to separate data from opinion. There are very strange goings on out there (not only at Cambridge, but throughout the solar system).(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Saturn’s B ring is much less dense than previously thought, challenging attempts to keep it billions of years old.Scientists have always been worried about the apparent youthfulness of planetary rings (3/19/10, 4/30/13). Back in 2007, Cassini scientist and planetary ring specialist Larry Esposito posited that Saturn’s rings might be billions of years old (see 12/13/07 and a JPL press release from Dec. 2007). He based it on the fact that the B-ring appeared dense enough to allow for repeated recycling of the material. This, he proposed, would maintain the ring’s brightness despite continuous infalling of dark meteoritic dust. (The B-ring is the densest part of the whole ring system.)That explanation is now challenged by new measurements that find the B-ring to be one-half to one-seventh the mass of previous estimates. “Saturn’s Ring Puffs Itself Up With Optical Illusion,” a headline on National Geographic says.With a magic trick that’s more smoke than mirrors, one of Saturn’s most mysterious rings has deceived astronomers for decades with an optical illusion.As described by astronomers Matt Hedman and Phillip Nicholson, the B ring—Saturn’s brightest—has been deceptively opaque, making astronomers think that it contains up to seven times more mass than it actually does.The open-access paper in Icarus used stellar occultations from multiple Cassini orbits to re-estimate the mass of the B-ring. Instead of equaling twice the mass of moon Mimas, it is probably between 1/3 to 2/3 of that. If the mass is so low, it puts pressure on theorists to imagine a special event in more recent times that created the rings (e.g., 10/07/10). The problem is that ad hoc events that cannot be observed can be criticized as special pleading. The paper in Icarus dances around the age problem in the introduction, but fails to address it in the body of the paper:The large uncertainties in the B-ring’s mass and its typical surface mass density not only hamper efforts to understand the structure and dynamics of this ring, but also complicate efforts to ascertain the age and history of Saturn’s ring system.A JPL press release on the paper notes the connection between density and age:Research on the mass of Saturn’s rings has important implications for their age. A less massive ring would evolve faster than a ring containing more material, becoming darkened by dust from meteorites and other cosmic sources more quickly. Thus, the less massive the B ring is, the younger it might be — perhaps a few hundred million years instead of a few billion.That this represents a problem is clear from a quick calculation. A hundred million years is 1/45th the assumed age of the solar system (4.5 billion years). What happened 44/45ths into the lifetime of the planet to form rings? Why did it happen so recently that we can observe the rings today? The word “perhaps” indicates that the statement lacks empirical foundation. It could be far younger than a few hundred million years old.Besides, there are other forces at work to hasten the disappearance of rings besides infalling meteoritic dust: among them, sputtering (erosion at the atomic scale), collisional spreading, and sunlight pressure (the Poynting-Robertson effect). And if the densest ring is no more than a few hundred million years old, what of the more tenuous D, C, A, F, G, and E rings? One must recall that planetary scientists were similarly astonished to find Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune ringed by orbiting material with apparently short lifetimes. It’s getting harder to keep rings old.Further refinements of the B-ring’s mass will become possible in 2017 when the orbiter goes into highly-inclined orbits over the rings prior to its grand-finale descent into Saturn.Sorry to pull that pedestal out from the moyboys. We know they were already running out of props (see, for instance, 12/03/07 and many other of our entries on the solar system, exacerbated by the latest discoveries at Pluto, e.g. 1/26/16).Dr. Larry Esposito is an excellent scientist and a likable fellow, upbeat and pleasant in conversation. (The same can be said of Jeff Cuzzi, another ringmaster.) Esposito is the chief scientist of the Cassini UVIS instrument, and has made many important scientific discoveries all the way back to Voyager days, when he discovered the F-ring. I had a few occasions to talk with him when I was at JPL. One time I asked him why he was proposing a theory to keep Saturn’s rings old when they looked so young. I remember him answering that it was for “philosophical reasons” – implying that it would be unpleasant to his world view to consider something special about our observing the rings now, if they were not billions of years old.* I hope he and the other Cassini scientists will have the courage to follow the evidence where it leads, even if it runs afoul of “received wisdom”.Dr. Larry Esposito enjoying Cassini’s first view of Saturn’s rings, July 1, 2004 (photo by David Coppedge*In an email written to one of his colleagues at the University of Colorado (dated 11/06/08), Dr. Esposito responded to a critique I had published on my own time at ICR about the proposal of denser B-rings. The colleague, Stuart J. Robbins, was upset and wanted to get Esposito’s response to use in a blog Robbins was proposing called “Exposing Pseudo Astronomy.” To his credit, Dr. Esposito CC’d me on his reply. He admitted to Robbins, “It is true that my major impetus for my recycling proposal is philosophical: I am not comfortable with the low probability of recent ring creation.“From what I see at Robbins’ website, he never wrote up his complaint on this topic, though he had a lot of glee writing about my firing two years later. By contrast, Esposito could express his view calmly and honestly, and was always pleasant in my experience.(Visited 47 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Minister of Transport Sibusiso NdebeleThrough the 2010 FIFA World Cup™, we can tell the story of Africa – tell her story because we are proud.At the fourth and final 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa™ communicators’ conference, hosted today by the National Communications Partnership (NCP), speakers including Minister of Transport, Mr. Sibusiso Ndebele and Dr. Irvin Khoza, Chairperson of the 2010 FIFA Organising Committee called for all South Africans and Africans to come together to ensure that we host an event that will be talked about by generations to come.“As a country and continent, we will need to pull together. The 2010 FIFA World Cup calls for unity of our people because together we can do more,” said Minister Ndebele. Dr. Irvin Khoza said that South Africans must realise the enormity of the opportunities that are being generated through the tournament. The World Cup will be delivered on a far bigger scale than the Confederations Cup. To date, for example over 14 000 applications have been received for the volunteer programme.Dr Irvin Khoza, chairman of the 2010 FIFAWorld Cup Organising Committee According to Khoza, the psychological readiness of the nation is critical. “There is one show on the road at the moment and a psychological adjustment from all South Africans is needed.”Khoza said that South Africans need to be thinking of the World Cup as a 30 day commercial for the country that will be watched by billions around the globe. “The extent to which the tournament changes lives will be largely determined by the degree to which we use the tournament to build up to 2010.”The 11th June 2010, with the opening of the World Cup is arguably South Africa’s next defining moment. Historically, we have successfully hosted Rugby and Cricket World Cups, continental and global football tournaments, global conferences and four peaceful democratic elections, but never anything on a scale that is arguably larger than the Olympics.Khoza affirmed that the 2010 FIFA World Cup Organising Committee has a very good understanding of what is needed for next year’s event. “We must be relentlessly positive,” he said. “As South Africans, we have the tendency to be self critical. We should see everything in perspective and importantly, see the positive stories.” He referred to outstanding progress that has been made by 2010 FIFA Organising Committee over the past five years, through the building of six new stadiums in less than four years and the potential legacy that will be generated in terms of job creation, tourism, trade and investment.“We must be proactive and stay ahead of the story – not merely reacting to everything being said,” he added. The 2010 story is one of a continent that is being redefined in a historic way.“We must be Pan-African,” Khoza concluded. “South Africa 2010 must be pan-African in word and deed, as we stage a tournament that inspires all of Africa.” This tournament must ensure that our African teams feel like they are playing at home, as we celebrate Africa’s home-grown heros.” From Cape to Cairo, Khoza reiterated that Africa must stand together as never before – to create a sweet chorus singing the same song in perfect harmony.“This World Cup is the real thing. You must feel that there is something happening in this country. The banners you use must be larger than life. Every street corner must be filled. We must feel that this show is in town,” Khoza concluded. About the International Marketing of South Africa (Brand South Africa) The International Marketing Council of South Africa was established in August 2002 to help create a positive and compelling brand image for South Africa. At that time, the world was unsure about what to think of South Africa, with many different messages being sent out by various sources. This did very little to build the country’s brand and it was evident that to attract tourism and investment there was a need to co-ordinate marketing initiatives to make them more effective. This led to the creation of the IMC, whose main objective is the marketing of South Africa through the Brand South Africa campaign. There are many benefits to having a consolidated brand image, with the most important being that a consistent Brand South Africa message creates strategic advantages in terms of trade and tourism for the country in an increasingly competitive marketplace.About the National Communications Partnership Government Communications (GCIS) and the IMC are the custodians of the NCP. This partnership is aimed at forging alignment of communication among government and private-sector marketing and communication specialists.For further information:Margaret DingaloDirector: Stakeholder RelationsInternational Marketing Council of South AfricaTel: +27 11 483 0122
2. Lower the OpacityAdjusting the Opacity of an underlying video layer is another way to bring attention to your overlying graphics. Simply lowering the opacity of a video or still image will make your text stand out. Lowering the Opacity in conjunction with blurring is a quick and simple way to really make your text pop. Control your opacity in the Effect Controls panel. 6. Add a Shape LayerIf you’ve ever created captions in Adobe Premiere Pro, you’ll notice that a black background accompanies the white text. This makes the white text visible, no matter what’s in the background. You can manually create this in the essential graphics panel by adding a new rectangle shape layer and then resizing it. After you have your rectangle in position, adjust the opacity for the look you want. 4. Create MotionUse motion graphics templates to bring some life to your graphics. In Adobe Premiere Pro’s new Essential Graphics panel, you’ll find a handful of presets. I’ll grab one and bring it into my project and modify the text. Then, I’ll add a few additional keyframes to create constant-yet-subtle movement while the text is onscreen. A simple scaling or position animation can bring a graphic to life. 1. Blur the BackgroundOne of the main ways to make graphics stand out in your video is to make adjustments to elements in the background. Apply a slight blur effect to your underlying video layer and instantly draw the viewer’s attention to your overlying text. Think about when you shoot with a shallow depth of field during an interview to blur out the background. This makes your interview subject stand out from the background, drawing the viewer’s eye. To find several different blur effects, open the Effects panel and then search through Video Effects > Blur & Sharpen. 5. Change the PositionAs simple as it sounds, positioning can play a large role in how your text displays on a screen. Depending on what you have onscreen and the color of your text, the position can make your graphic stand out or blend into the background. If I’m using basic white text, for example, I want to find darker parts of the screen so that the contrast will help my text become more visible. 3. Add a StrokeIf you’re in a situation wherein you can’t or you don’t want to lower the opacity or add a blur effect to your background, you can add a stroke to your text layer. To show you how a stroke can help make your text more visible, I’ll use an example with simple black-and-white text. If I take white text and place it on a white background you cannot see the text at all. However, if I add a black stroke to my white text, it instantly becomes visible. Even if I change the background to black we still see the white text. Make your text graphics stand out in Premiere Pro with these 6 six tips.Cover image via Shutterstock.Adobe Premiere Pro’s latest update introduced the brand new Essential Graphics panel, an entirely new way to work with graphics. However, while the new layout offers video editors a different way to create and customize graphics, design principles remain the same. Let’s take a quick look at six simple tips to make your text stand out in Adobe Premiere Pro.
Delhi CET 2019 result: The Delhi Department of Training and Technical Education (DTTE) has declared the result for the Common Entrance Test (CET) on Saturday, June 22, 2019. Earlier, the Delhi CET 2019 results were scheduled to be released on June 21 around 10 pm. All the candidates who appeared for the CET 2019 can check their scores on the official website, the link for which is cetdelhi.nic.in.Delhi CET 2019 result: How to checkLog on to the official website: cetdelhi.nic.inOn the homepage, click on “CET – 2019 Result”Enter your CET Roll Number, Application number and Security pinClick on submitResults will be displayed on the screenDownload and take print out of the same for future referenceREAD:Yoga will now be a part of Nepal curriculumDelhi CET 2019: CounsellingCounselling process is expected to start from June 22 for the session which will commence from August 1, 2019.About Delhi CET 2019 exam:The DTTE plans to admit students to first semester/first year for the academic session 2019-20 for various full-time Diploma Programmes (Engineering and Non-Engineering) being offered at Institutes affiliated with the Board of Technical Education (BTE), Delhi, through the Common Entrance Test (CET- 2019).About DTTEDepartment of Training and Technical Education (DTTE) is making a significant contribution in this direction by imparting technical education and technological skills through various courses of study at different levels. Full time Diploma Courses in Engineering & Technology, Occupational and Vocational, Secretarial & Management based disciplines are being offered at different AICTE approved Government Institutes of Technology, Government-Aided institute, Border Security Force Polytechnic and Privately Managed Polytechnics, affiliated with the Board of Technical Education, Delhi.advertisementREAD: Delhi University guidelines for sports trails out, date and venue decided READ: Odisha govt to provide transport cost to school students as per their attendance
Indians155291.795.313.31.9 Where each team stands at the 2018 deadlineTeams ranked by Doyle Number — how many future wins of talent a team should trade away to acquire 1 win this season Athletics1532184.108.40.206.8 Cautious BuyersElo RatingExp. Wins per 162 gamesDiv. Series OddsWorld Series OddsDoyle Number Astros158699.291.621.12.2 Brewers152285.051.94.21.2 Twins149679.14.00.20.1 Padres143966.60.00.00.0 Expected wins are derived from the team’s current Elo rating.Source: FanGraphs.com Braves150781.534.92.00.8 White Sox143766.00.00.00.0 Orioles143265.00.00.00.0 Phillies150681.551.53.01.0 Solid BuyersElo RatingExp. Wins per 162 gamesDiv. Series OddsWorld Series OddsDoyle Number Rockies151583.3220.127.116.11 Rangers148276.10.00.00.0 Diamondbacks153287.347.5%4.7%1.2 Red Sox1591100.296.7%23.8%2.2 Although the share of prospects in the hands of top teams isn’t a perfect predictor of how many deadline deals will go down,3Since 2009, its correlation with the share of all trades that happened at the deadline was 0.36. it does speak broadly to the ability of contenders to act on the advice that their Doyle Number would recommend. In 2016, for instance, the Cubs’ surplus of top prospects — and urgency to win a World Series after a 108-year dry spell — led Chicago to trade a number of gifted farmhands (headlined by stellar 2018 rookie Gleyber Torres) to the Yankees for a few months’ rental of closer Aroldis Chapman.It wasn’t the first time that future talent was pawned off for an immediate payoff, and it was far from the last. Because of their low pay and endless promise, minor leaguers serve as the ultimate grease in the wheels of the trade-deadline machine. And they may yet help smooth along another blockbuster in the next few hours, perhaps one including Bryce Harper, Jacob deGrom, J.T. Realmuto or Chris Archer. But if the deadline does end up feeling a little slower than we’d expect from the buyer/seller profiles implied by this year’s standings, it could just be because most of the buyers have already bought and the sellers have already sold.Check out our latest MLB predictions. Cubs155692.479.311.71.9 Tigers144968.70.20.00.0 Cardinals151383.06.60.40.2 Mariners151984.418.104.22.168 Angels151722.214.171.124.0 Blue Jays148576.70.00.00.0 Reds147975.40.20.00.0 Giants1498126.96.36.199.1 Major League Baseball’s annual trade deadline — this year’s version of which falls at 4 p.m. Eastern on Tuesday — is an annual chance for teams to take stock of their short- and long-term future plans. As our research has shown in the past, World Series front-runners should generally be willing to give up quite a large bushel of future assets in exchange for talent that might bring them a ring in the here and now. Meanwhile, teams on the fringe of the playoffs should be relatively indifferent between playing for the future or the present, and bottom-feeders should frantically sell everything they can.Those guidelines become apparent when we run our “Doyle Number” statistic for this season’s teams. As a quick refresher, the Doyle Number1Named after the infamous 1987 trade in which the Detroit Tigers sent future Hall of Famer John Smoltz, then a 20-year-old prospect, to the Atlanta Braves for 36-year-old Doyle Alexander. represents how many future wins of talent a team should be willing to part with to acquire 1 extra win of rental talent over the remainder of this season (including the playoffs).So the Boston Red Sox, who have the highest Doyle Number in baseball, should be willing to trade away up to 2.2 wins of future talent in exchange for every 1 win of talent they acquire for this year’s stretch run — they’re clear deadline buyers. By contrast, teams with Doyle numbers around zero are obvious sellers — they have no reason to give up future talent to acquire extra wins this season. Finally, a Doyle of 1.0 means a team could swing either way between buying and selling.Here are this year’s Doyle Numbers (as of July 30): Royals141461.00.00.00.0 Nationals152284.99.1%0.7%0.3 Rays150581.20.60.00.0 Pirates150080.08.00.40.2 This year’s crop of buyers is unusually robust — three teams have Doyle Numbers north of 2.0 (most recent years have usually had only one or two) and six teams are at or above a Doyle of 1.8 (when the typical year has two or three in that range). At the same time, 12 teams have Doyle Numbers that round to 0.0, compared with an average of nine in the previous three years we’ve been calculating the metric.It’s all a consequence of this supremely stratified, tank-tastic MLB season. On the one hand, you might imagine that such a surplus of buyers and sellers would pave the way for more trades than usual, since a lot of teams have their motivations aligned for deal-making. And there have been some notable moves made thus far: Manny Machado to the Dodgers, Cole Hamels to the Cubs, Ian Kinsler to the Red Sox, Mike Moustakas to the Brewers, J.A. Happ to the Yankees and so forth. But the particulars of this year’s market could also play some tricks with what we think of as ordinary deadline business, when we consider who has how much of which asset — long-term vs. short, young talent vs. established stars. Elite teams can only swap with rebuilding ones if they have the right prospects to send away, and there’s evidence that many of the best youngsters have already flowed from the contenders to the tankers before anybody had a chance to do their deadline shopping.To see this, we can look at how many members of Baseball America’s Top 100 prospects are in the farm systems of top teams, as opposed to everybody else. For each full season since 1990,2So, excluding partial seasons in 1994 and 1995. I gathered the list of top prospects and assigned each ranking slot its average future value, according to my research here. To focus on prospects that haven’t yet made a dent in the big leagues — i.e., the kind more likely to be thrown into deadline trades — I filtered out players who exhausted their rookie eligibility during the season in question (or, for this year, players who are on pace to do so). Finally, I calculated the percentage of leaguewide prospect value that belonged to teams in the top third of all MLB teams by projected end-of-season record (using our Elo ratings, as of July 30 each season). And this year, only 27.5 percent of prospect value is in the systems of top-tier teams, the lowest such mark in any full season since 1991. Yankees158398.677.517.22.1 Marlins145068.90.10.00.0 Dodgers156494.265.611.01.8 Mets147073.40.10.00.0 SellersElo RatingExp. Wins per 162 gamesDiv. Series OddsWorld Series OddsDoyle Number