Stranded in our own communities: Transit deserts make it hard for…

first_imgShare on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. By Junfeng Jaio, Assistant Professor of Community and Regional Planning and Director, Urban Information Lab, the University of Texas at Austin and Nicole McGrath, an M.S. Candidate, Community and Regional Planning, the University of Texas at AustinEditor’s Note: First published on theconversation.comAs any commuter who has experienced unreliable service or lives miles away from a bus stop will tell you, sometimes public transit isn’t really a viable option, even in major cities. You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Florida gas prices jump 12 cents; most expensive since 2014 LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply Gov. DeSantis says new moment-of-silence law in public schools protects religious freedom center_img In our car-loving society, where 85 percent of Americans use a car to get to work, people who cannot access transportation are excluded from their own communities and trapped inside “transit deserts.” This term, which one of us (Junfeng Jiao) coined, describes areas in a city where demand for transit is high but supply is low.Lack of transit has harmful effects on those who rely on public transit – generally, people who are too young, too old, too poor or have disabilities that don’t allow them to drive. Mapping these deserts will help agencies adjust transit services and better serve their communities.At UT Austin’s Urban Information Lab, our research focuses on refining the methods used to quantify and measure transit supply and demand. We’ve developed clear and concise geographic information system (GIS) methods to evaluate transportation systems, providing alternatives to previous, more complicated network modeling. These methods can quickly be applied to any location, as we have shown in studies of five major cities in Texas and other cities across the United States. By using this method, we found that hundreds of thousands of transit-dependent people in Texas don’t have access to mass transit systems.Connecting people to jobs and servicesResearch shows that low-income residents living in sprawling areas have limited transportation options, which constrains their job opportunities and upward mobility. Inadequate transportation keeps people from finding work, which then reduces the productivity of their communities. It also can limit access to medical services, causing health problems to go undetected or worsen.Addressing transit access is one important strategy for tackling broader social problems. For example, welfare recipients are less likely to own cars or have access to transit than the general population. Reducing these transportation barriers would help move them from welfare to work.In cities with well-developed infrastructure for cycling, such as Amsterdam, large shares of the population commute by bicycle. Steven LekAlthough scholars have been studying “food deserts” (areas where residents lack access to nutritious food) for several decades, we have only recently applied this logic to mass transportation systems, despite the fact that food deserts often occur due to lack of transportation.Relatively little research has been carried out to identify and quantify gaps between transit demand and supply. But as counties and cities feel the effects of declining funding from federal and state transportation user fees, they need new ways to target transportation infrastructure investments and ensure limited resources are used in the best way possible. We have found that maps are a promising way to guide these discussions.Mapping transit desertsDetermining exactly who relies on mass transit can be difficult. Existing information depends on census data. As previously noted, people who rely on transit are usually from marginalized demographic groups. They may be elderly, poor or have disabilities that keep them from driving. Census data do not account for the fact that sometimes these populations overlap (a transit-dependent person could be old as well as poor), so one individual could be counted many times.Also, census data on car ownership are not available at the census block group level, which is the smallest geographic unit published by the U.S. Census Bureau. This lack of data makes it hard to measure transit dependency with accuracy.Measuring transit supply is easier. It relies on data from municipal planning agencies as well as relevant municipal and county GIS departments, which manage spatial and geographic information, analysis tools and mapping products. These agencies measure variables that include numbers of transit stops, transit routes and frequency of service, as well as lengths of sidewalks, bicycle lanes and low speed-limit routes (which are relevant because some commuters may opt to walk instead of taking the bus).Beyond city centersCurrent research shows that transit deserts exist all over the country. Cities such as Chicago; Cincinnati; Charlotte, North Carolina; Portland, Oregon; and San Antonio contain multiple communities that don’t have enough transit services to meet existing demand. Even in older cities, where development tends to follow transit lines, there are neighborhoods where the supply of transit is simply not enough.This is a large-scale problem. In San Antonio, the seventh-largest U.S. city by population, some 334,530 people – nearly one-fourth of the population – need access to public transportation in a city that doesn’t even have rail service. In Chicago, where there are high levels of transit dependency all across the city, just three of the transit desert neighborhoods that we identified house approximately 176,806 residents. Even in a city as progressive as Portland, Oregon, thousands live in transit desert neighborhoods.Transit desert analysis for the city of San Antonio. Negative numbers connote areas where demand for transit exceeds supply.When it comes to geographic location, transit demand and supply appear to follow certain spatial patterns. Unsurprisingly, transit supply is highest in city centers and decreases as distance from city centers increases. As a result, transit deserts do not typically occur in city centers or near downtown. In fact, because of the typical “hub and spoke” design of many transit services, city centers often have transit surpluses where supply outstrips demand.The location of transit deserts often does not follow a geographic pattern, although they are usually associated with low-income and remote areas. While planners and engineers may have a rough idea of where supply is low, making service adjustments requires measuring and mapping of transit supply and demand citywide.Rebalancing transit networksMany cities are now making service adjustments to improve service to transit deserts. For example, Houston’s transit authority, METRO, recently redesigned its bus service as part of a larger “Transit Service Reimagining,” in an attempt to better meet the region’s mobility needs. Evaluation of the new transit services shows that current levels of transit demand and supply are more balanced, though gaps still exist.Identifying transit deserts is even catching on at the federal level. The U.S. Department of Transportation recently launched a new initiative to map transit deserts nationally through a National Transit Map, which will put together data from different transit agencies into a complete feed. By accessing a larger, national look at transit demand and supply, regional agencies will have extra tools available to them when making changes to their local transit services.What these changes will be is hard to say. Expanding existing bus services may be the most cost-effective way to improve transit access. Even in New York City, with its massive subway system, city officials are increasingly turning to bus rapid transit due to the high cost of adding new subway lines.Adding bus lines, increasing service hours and even streamlining boarding and fares can help improve service and increase access. Integrating bicycling with transit services would be another cost-effective option.As research on transit deserts continues to grow, more precise methods of quantifying the gap between transit supply and demand should develop. More research may provide new views on how the built environment and socioeconomic variables affect transportation accessibility. With careful planning and investment, these transit deserts can eventually transform into transit oases. Please enter your name here Please enter your comment! UF/IFAS in Apopka will temporarily house District staff; saves almost $400,000 TAGSthe conversation.comTransitTransportation Previous articleVote for Mayor, Seat #1, and Seat #2 in The Apopka Voice’s second online election poll this FridayNext articleApopka Cops and Firefighters compete to defeat Cystic Fibrosis this weekend Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHORlast_img read more

Local NPD funding scheme aids launch of Xmas pud

first_imgHarrogate Cake Company has launched a new handmade Christmas pudding following help from deliciouslyorkshire.The cake company teamed up with deliciouslyorkshire – the Regional Food Group’s campaigning brand that champions the broad range of food and drink from the Yorkshire and Humber region – which offered technical advice, and worked with the firm to develop a recipe with improved shelf-life and taste qualities. Deb Neeson, technical manager at deliciouslyorkshire, and Heather Cawthorne, owner of Harrogate Cake Company, worked together to further develop Cawthorne’s original Christmas pudding recipe into one that would hopefully give it a head-start in the retail market.The project was funded by the Innovation Voucher scheme, which enabled Cawthorne to take advantage of one of deliciouslyorkshire’s many services and obtain the new product development expertise she required.“Developing a new product can prove to be a minefield for a small business. I was able to help Heather consider new, functional ingredients, create her legal labelling, upscale her recipe and make it a robust proposition for her customers,” explained Neeson.Although Innovation Vouchers are no longer available, deliciouslyorkshire has introduced a new pay-monthly option in order to make new product development services more affordable for SMEs.last_img read more

News story: Skills Minister calls on employers to join new T level panels

first_imgLeading businesses are being urged to grasp the opportunity of working with the government to develop prestigious new T Level qualifications.Skills Minister Anne Milton has called on industry experts from agriculture, environmental and animal care; business and administration; hair and beauty; creative and design; and catering and hospitality to join the influential T Level employer panels and help develop the outline content for new qualifications.T Levels are new courses, which will be on a par with A levels and provide young people with a genuine choice between technical and academic education post 16. The first subjects in digital, education and childcare, and construction will be taught from 2020.Skills Minister, Anne Milton said: T Level content is already being developed with the help of top firms like Rolls-Royce, IBM, Lloyds and Morphy Richards, among others.The Department for Education wants business representatives to step-up and help design the new qualifications in T Level routes which will be delivered from 2022: agriculture, environmental and animal care business and administration hair and beauty creative and design catering and hospitality T Levels are about giving greater choice to young people to get the skills they need to achieve good jobs. It is also about businesses – we know they are crying out for a skilled workforce and T Levels will create the next generation of talented employees for them. We are already working with top industry leaders and want even more to join us to make this a success for individuals, businesses and the economy. Businesses can apply to be part of the T Level qualification panels. The closing date for applications is 5pm Tuesday 8 May 2018.last_img read more

Rising CO2 poses significant threat to human nutrition

first_imgAt the elevated levels of atmospheric CO2 anticipated by around 2050, crops that provide a large share of the global population with most of their dietary zinc and iron will have significantly reduced concentrations of those nutrients, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Given that an estimated 2 billion people suffer from zinc and iron deficiencies, resulting in a loss of 63 million life years annually from malnutrition, the reduction in these nutrients represents the most significant health threat ever shown to be associated with climate change.“This study is the first to resolve the question of whether rising CO2 concentrations — which have been increasing steadily since the Industrial Revolution — threaten human nutrition,” said Samuel Myers, research scientist in the Department of Environmental Health at HSPH and the study’s lead author.The study appears online May 7 in Nature.Some previous studies of crops grown in greenhouses and chambers at elevated CO2 had found nutrient reductions, but those studies were criticized for using artificial growing conditions. Experiments using free air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE) technology became the gold standard as FACE allowed plants to be grown in open fields at elevated levels of CO2, but those prior studies had small sample sizes and have been inconclusive.The researchers analyzed data involving 41 cultivars (genotypes) of grains and legumes from the C3 and C4 functional groups (plants that use C3 and C4 carbon fixation) from seven different FACE locations in Japan, Australia, and the United States. The level of CO2 across all seven sites was in the range of 546 to 586 parts per million (ppm). The researchers tested the nutrient concentrations of the edible portions of wheat and rice (C3 grains), maize and sorghum (C4 grains), and soybeans and field peas (C3 legumes).The results showed a significant decrease in the concentrations of zinc, iron, and protein in C3 grains. For example, zinc, iron, and protein concentrations in wheat grains grown at the FACE sites were reduced by 9.3 percent, 5.1 percent, and 6.3 percent, respectively, compared with wheat grown at ambient CO2. Zinc and iron were also significantly reduced in legumes; protein was not.The finding that C3 grains and legumes lost iron and zinc at elevated CO2 is significant. Myers and his colleagues estimate that 2 billion–3 billion people around the world receive 70 percent or more of their dietary zinc and/or iron from C3 crops, particularly in the developing world, where deficiency of zinc and iron is already a major health concern.C4 crops appeared to be less affected by higher CO2, which is consistent with underlying plant physiology, as C4 plants concentrate CO2 inside the cell for photosynthesis, and thus they might be expected to be less sensitive to extracellular changes in CO2 concentration.The researchers were surprised to find that zinc and iron varied substantially across cultivars of rice. That finding suggests that there could be an opportunity to breed reduced sensitivity to the effect of elevated CO2 into crop cultivars in the future.In addition to efforts to reduce CO2 emissions, breeding cultivars with reduced sensitivity to CO2, biofortification of crops with iron and zinc, and nutritional supplementation for populations most affected could all play a role in reducing the human health impacts of these changes, said Myers. “Humanity is conducting a global experiment by rapidly altering the environmental conditions on the only habitable planet we know. As this experiment unfolds, there will undoubtedly be many surprises. Finding out that rising CO2 threatens human nutrition is one such surprise,” he said.Other HSPH authors include Antonella Zanobetti, Itai Kloog, and Joel Schwartz.last_img read more

Warriors’ Damion Lee a candidate for team’s 15th roster spot

first_img* * *Subscribe to the Mercury News and East Bay Times for $40 a year and receive a free Warriors championship coffee table book* * *SACRAMENTO – The original itinerary entailed Damion Lee preparing for a G-League game. Then, that changed with one phone call.The Warriors informed Lee on Nov. 16 they would need him for a game against Dallas the following day amid injuries to Stephen Curry and Draymond Green. So instead of playing for Santa Cruz against the South Bay Lakers, Lee flew to Dallas …last_img read more

Video: Where is Matt in South Africa?

first_imgMatt Harding became famous thanks to an internet video of him dancing (badly) in different locations all over the world. His video has been watched by over 27-million people. Now he’s been learning South Africa’s World Cup-inspired Diski Dance, and practising it all over the country …Matt does the Diski on Table Mountain, on Robben Island, at Hout Bay, in Nelson Mandela Square, in Mbombela Stadium, at Boulders Beach, at the Soweto Cooling Towers, at Soccer City, at the Cape of Good Hope, in Blyde River Canyon, at Bourke’s Luck Potholes, at the Mac Mac Pools, at Lesedi Cultural Village … he’s been to more places in the country than most South Africans!Click arrow to play video.Published on SouthAfrica.info on 16 March 2010.last_img read more

US accolades for South African brandy

first_img10 April 2013South African luxury brandy producer Oude Meester, which forms part of the Distell family brand, gained traction in a US market untapped by local producers when it won three medals at the San Francisco World Spirits Competition in March.The most senior of the Oude Meester range, the 18-year-old Oude Meester Souverein, won a gold medal, while the Demant and Demant 12 Year Old Reserve both won silver medals.The Oude Meester 12 Year Old Reserve also won the best brandy title at the New York International Spirits Competition at the end of last year.“South African brandy has established a powerful reputation in the UK and Europe, but our connoisseur offerings are still something of a novelty in the US,” Oude Meester’s global marketing representative, Lee-Anne Lotz, said in a statement.“Since Oude Meester’s exposure to American trade and consumers last year in New York, market response has been extremely encouraging.“Connoisseurs are thrilled by the sense of discovery and the levels of excellence they are encountering in a specialty segment of the deluxe brandy market hitherto unknown to them,” Lotz said.The San Francisco World Spirits Competition saw 1 407 spirits from 63 countries around the world being evaluated by 34 judges. The winners were announced on 27 March.“Judges were drawn from among well-respected spirits buyers and consultants representing high-end restaurants and hotels, mainstream outlets, as well as spirits journalists,” Lotz said.“Their vote of confidence in Oude Meester suggests very exciting market potential for the brand in the US, coast to coast.”SAinfo reporterlast_img read more

Shoulder replacement

first_imgDefinitionShoulder replacement is surgery to replace the bones of the shoulder joint with artificial joint parts.Alternative NamesTotal shoulder arthroplasty; Endoprosthetic shoulder replacement; Partial shoulder replacement; Partial shoulder arthroplasty; Replacement – shoulder; Arthroplasty – shoulderDescriptionYou will receive anesthesia before this surgery. Two types of anesthesia can be used:General anesthesia, which means you will be unconscious and unable to feel pain.Regional anesthesia to numb your arm and shoulder area so that you do not feel any pain in this area. If you receive regional anesthesia, you will also be given medicine to help you relax during the operation.The shoulder is a ball and socket joint. The round end of the arm bone fits into the opening at the end of the shoulder blade, called the socket. This type of joint allows you to move your arm in most directions.For total shoulder replacement, the round end of your arm bone will be replaced with an artificial stem that has a rounded metal head. The socketpart (glenoid) of your shoulder blade will be replaced with a smooth plastic shell (lining) that will be held in place with a special cement. If only 1 of these 2 bones needs to be replaced, the surgery is called a partial shoulder replacement, or a hemiarthroplasty.For shoulder joint replacement, your surgeon will make an incision (cut) over your shoulder joint to open up the area. Then your surgeon will:Remove the head (top) of your upper arm bone (humerus)Cement the new metal head and stem into placeSmooth the surface of the old socket and cement the new one in placeClose your incision with staples or suturesPlace a dressing (bandage) over your woundYour surgeon may place atube in this area todrain fluid that may build up in the joint. The drain will be removed when you no longer need it.advertisementThis surgery usually takes 1 – 3 hours.Why the Procedure Is PerformedShoulder replacement surgery is usually done when you have severe pain in the shoulder area, which limits your ability to move your arm. Causes of shoulder pain include:OsteoarthritisPoor result from a previous shoulder surgeryRheumatoid arthritisBadly broken bone in the arm near the shoulderBadly damaged or torn tissues in the shoulderTumor in or around the shoulderYour doctor may not recommend this surgery if you have: History of infection, which can spread to the replaced joint Severe mental dysfunction Unhealthy skin around the shoulder area Very weak (rotator cuff) muscles around the shoulder that cannot be fixed during surgeryRisksRisksof any anesthesia are:Allergic reactions to medicinesBreathing problemsRiskof anysurgery are:BleedingBlood clotInfectionRisks of shoulder replacement surgery are:Allergic reaction to the artificial jointBlood vessel damage during surgeryBone break during surgeryNerve damage during surgeryDislocation of the artificial jointLoosening of the implant over timeBefore the ProcedureTell your doctor or nurse what medicines you are taking. This includes medicines, supplements, or herbs you bought without a prescription.During the 2 weeks before your surgery:Two weeks before surgery you may be asked to stop taking medicines that make it harder for your blood to clot. These include aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Naprosyn, Aleve).Ask your doctor which medicines you should still take on the day of your surgery.If you have diabetes, heart disease, or other medical conditions, your surgeon will ask you to see your doctor who treats you for these conditions.Tell your doctor if you have been drinking a lot of alcohol, more than 1 or 2 drinks a day.If you smoke, try to stop. Ask your doctor or nurse for help. Smoking can slow down wound and bone healing.Let your doctor know right away if you get a cold, flu, fever, herpes breakout, or other illness before your surgery.On the day of your surgery:You willlikely be asked not to drink or eat anything for 6- 12 hours before the procedure.Takethe medicinesyour doctor told you to take with a small sip of water.Your doctor or nurse will tell you when to arrive at the hospital. Be sure to arrive on time.After the ProcedureYou may stay in the hospital for 1- 3 days after your surgery.While there, you may receive physical therapy to help keep the muscles around your shoulder from getting stiff.Before you go home, the physical therapist will teach you how to move your arm around by using your other (good) arm to help.Your arm will need to be in a sling for 2 – 6 weeks with no active movement and 3 months before strengthening. It will be around 4 – 6 months of recovery.Follow any instructions you are given about how to care for your shoulder at home. This includes activities that you should not do.You will be given instructions on shoulder exercises to do at home. Follow these instructions exactly. Doing the exercises in a wrong way can injure your new shoulder.Outlook (Prognosis)advertisementShoulder replacement surgery relieves pain and stiffness for most people. You should be able to resume your normal daily activities without much problem. Many people are able to return to sports such as golf, swimming, gardening, bowling, and others.Your new shoulder joint will last longer if less stress is placed on it. With normal use,a new shoulder joint canlast for at least 10 years.ReferencesAzar FM, Calandruccio JH. Arthroplasty of the shoulder and elbow. In: Canale ST, Beatty JH, eds. Campbells Operative Orthopaedics. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2007:chap 8.Goldberg VM, Kraay MJ. Surgical treatment of joint diseases. In: Canale ST, Beatty JH, eds. Campbells Operative Orthopaedics. 11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2007:chap 299.Izquierdo R, Voloshin I, Edwards S, et al. Treatment of glenohumeral osteoarthritis. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2010;18(6):375-82.Review Date:11/15/2012Reviewed By:C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.last_img read more

Danny Mills United lack the willpower to drop underperforming players

first_imgFormer England footballer Danny Mills says Manchester United lack the capacity to drop underperforming players unlike their rivals who do so effortlessly.Mills told The Debate in an interview obtained by Skysports that Mourinho was not blessed with the same strength in depth as some of United’s rivals, meaning he could not keep his players on their toes to achieve results.He said: “Where he has had a problem with some players is that Guardiola can drop anyone, and bring someone else in. You can’t complain about it because he has the quality to bring in, that squad is exceptional”“Mourinho doesn’t really have that depth in his squad. It’s difficult when he drops a big player, does he have the quality to replace them? No he doesn’t, in all honesty.”“It’s a bare squad in some ways. Look at Lukaku, he’s not performing and hasn’t scored at Old Trafford in a long time. But who does he bring in? He can’t. At Manchester City you’ve got players who can step in, and at Liverpool too.”“There’s competition for places. Do Manchester United have that? I’m not sure they do.”harry maguire, manchester UnitedMaguire says United need to build on today’s win George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Harry Maguire wants his United teammates to build on the victory over Leicester City.During the summer, Harry Maguire was referred to as the ultimate…On the plan to buy new players, Mills said:“Jose is used to winning, he’s used to top players and he’s used to consistency. It might be a bit dour, the way he plays, but he knows what he wants.”“He wants seven or eight out of 10 every single week. He doesn’t want Jesse Lingard being brilliant one week and terrible the next, he doesn’t want Marcus Rashford doing the same, he wants a solid platform.”“Jose has never been one to really improve players or bring them through as Pep, Klopp and Pochettino have done.”“Mourinho wins trophies, but he does it with a team he can bring in of exceptional players he can mould together, and he hasn’t really been allowed to do that.”last_img read more

Flag retirement program begins across San Diego County

first_img KUSI Newsroom July 5, 2019 Flag retirement program begins across San Diego County SAN DIEGO (KUSI) – The county and city of San Diego will begin a program Friday enabling residents to dispose of old U.S. flags in accordance with federal code.County Supervisor Greg Cox announced the County Flag Retirement Box program last month in honor of Flag Day and in advance of the Fourth of July, saying it will help residents “dispose of old or tattered flags with the proper respect they deserve.”Starting Friday, residents will be able to drop off their old flags in designated boxes at county libraries, as well as the city of San Diego’s public libraries. Local Boy Scout troops will frequently collect the boxes and deliver them to local American Legion posts and associated nonprofits that will conduct flag retirement ceremonies.“County Supervisor Greg Cox’s Flag Retirement Box program will give San Diegans the opportunity to retire their American flags with the dignity and respect they deserve,” City Councilman Chris Cate said. “The American flag is a symbol of our freedom, and it is wonderful that all city of San Diego libraries will be participating in this program.”The program is similar to one promoted by the National Association of Counties, of which Cox is president. According to the NACo, the program has distributed roughly 700 flag boxes to more than 500 counties around the country to ensure proper flag disposal. Categories: Local San Diego News FacebookTwitter Posted: July 5, 2019 KUSI Newsroom, last_img read more