Marc Morial, president and CEO of the National Urban League spoke at Harvard on Oct. 4. At the annual Dunlop Lecture at the Graduate School of Design, presented by the Joint Center for Housing Studies at Harvard and the National Housing Endowment, Morial, who is the former mayor of New Orleans, spoke about the need for innovation in urban and low-income housing in a talk titled “Promoting Innovative Housing Policy and Practice: Lessons from the Past, Challenges for the Future.”
The reduction in risk was seen whether the men drank decaffeinated or regular coffee, and does not appear to be due to caffeine. Drinking one to three cups of coffee per day was associated with a 30 percent lower risk of lethal prostate cancer.Coffee drinkers were more likely to smoke and less likely to exercise, behaviors that may increase advanced prostate cancer risk. These and other lifestyle factors were controlled for in the study.The results need to be validated in additional populations that have a range of coffee exposure and a large number of lethal prostate cancer cases. If confirmed, the data would add to the list of other potential health benefits of coffee. The authors are planning additional studies to understand specific mechanisms by which coffee may lower the risk of lethal prostate cancer.Other HSPH researchers who participated in the study: Edward Giovannucci and Meir Stampfer, professors of nutrition and epidemiology; Julie L. Kasperzyk, postdoctoral research fellow; Stacey Kenfield, research associate; Jennifer Stark, research fellow; and Rob van Dam, adjunct assistant professor in the Department of Nutrition.The study was supported by the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health, the American Institute for Cancer Research, and the Prostate Cancer Foundation. Men who consumed the most coffee (six or more cups daily) had nearly a 20 percent lower risk of developing any form of prostate cancer. The inverse association with coffee was even stronger for aggressive prostate cancer. Men who drank the most coffee had a 60 percent lower risk of developing lethal prostate cancer. Men who regularly drink coffee appear to have a lower risk of developing a lethal form of prostate cancer, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) researchers. The lower risk was evident among men who drank regular or decaffeinated coffee.The study was published May 17 in an online edition of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.“Few studies have specifically studied the association of coffee intake and the risk of lethal prostate cancer, the form of the disease that is the most critical to prevent. Our study is the largest to date to examine whether coffee could lower the risk of lethal prostate cancer,” said senior author Lorelei Mucci, associate professor of epidemiology at HSPH.Lethal prostate cancer is cancer that causes death or spreads to the bones. Prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed form of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death among U.S. men, affecting one in six men during their lifetime. More than 2 million men in the United States and 16 million men worldwide are prostate cancer survivors.“At present we lack an understanding of risk factors that can be changed or controlled to lower the risk of lethal prostate cancer. If our findings are validated, coffee could represent one modifiable factor that may lower the risk of developing the most harmful form of prostate cancer,” said lead author Kathryn Wilson, a research fellow in epidemiology at HSPH.The researchers chose to study coffee because it contains many beneficial compounds that act as antioxidants, reduce inflammation, and regulate insulin, all of which may influence prostate cancer. Coffee has been associated in prior studies with a lower risk of Parkinson’s disease, type 2 diabetes, gallstone disease, and liver cancer.The study examined the association between coffee consumption and the risk of prostate cancer, particularly the risk for aggressive prostate cancer, among 47,911 U.S. men in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study who reported their coffee consumption every four years from 1986 to 2008. During the study period, 5,035 cases of prostate cancer were reported, including 642 fatal or metastatic cases.Among the findings:
A new Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health co-authored study provides further evidence linking both arsenic poisoning and the chronic respiratory disease cystic fibrosis (CF) to damage in the CFTR protein. An examination of arsenic-exposed patients in Bangladesh found that they had elevated sweat chloride levels — the typical diagnostic sign of CF. While many patients also showed respiratory symptoms consistent with a CF diagnosis, none actually had the disease.The study appeared online February 5, 2015 in the New England Journal of Medicine.CF is caused by a genetic defect in the CFTR protein, which regulates the flow of chloride in and out of cells. Recent studies in cell culture show that arsenic causes the CFTR protein to break down. Better understanding of how arsenic damages the CFTR protein could lead to new, more affordable drugs for CF, according to the authors. The study also suggests that patients exposed to arsenic should be monitored for CF-like disease.Co-authors include Maitreyi Mazumdar, assistant professor in the Department of Environmental Health, and David Christiani, Elkan Blout Professor of Environmental Genetics. The study was supported by the Harvard University Center for the Environment and the Harvard–National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Center. Read Full Story
Study suggests mid-Atlantic is getting lower, which may exacerbate effects of sea-level rise No laughing matter Related Red flags rise on global warming and the seas Naomi Oreskes’ latest book lays out an argument for why the process of proof is worth trusting Defending science in a post-fact era And now, land may be sinking As water temperatures increase, so does risk of exposure to toxic methylmercury Simply put, said Patrick Behrer, the world is getting hotter “and that heat imposes large costs on people.” In particular, those who work outdoors or in factories lacking air conditioning or ventilation are most at risk for the ill effects of on-the-job heat exposure such as sun stroke, impaired cognitive function, and possibly even death.Behrer ’09, an environmental and developmental economist and Harvard Ph.D. candidate in the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, emphasizes the looming scale of the crisis with a little math. Given the nature of climate change, he said, the shifts in the number of very hot days will be greater than those in the mean temperature.For example, a uniform, global temperature increase of 2 degrees Fahrenheit would shift Boston’s mean temperature from roughly 52 to 54 degrees Fahrenheit. On its face, not a catastrophic jump.“But what that does mean in a place like Boston where we currently have periodic hot days, is that you are moving the tails of the distribution and dramatically increasing the number of extremely hot days,” said Behrer. “From the mid ’80s to the early 2000s Boston averaged somewhere between five and eight days above 90 degrees. Taking some of the median projections up to 2050, Boston’s projected to see somewhere between 30 and 50 days above 90 degrees a year, even though the mean temperature change is only going to be a few degrees.”And those extra-warm days would take a dramatic toll on the nation’s workforce. In the past, the climate-change narrative has tended to highlight negative environmental outcomes: the loss of crops, more frequent and more violent storms, increased flooding, and sea level rise. But experts have long been aware of the negative health effects of exposure to heat. Studies have shown a substantial increase in deaths as the temperature exceeds 90 degrees, said Behrer, who hopes his work can help shine a light on how rising temperatures are affecting workers in vulnerable jobs.,In response to rising worries over climate change, Harvard pledged in 2008 to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions 30 percent by 2016, a goal it achieved. The University is now working to become fossil-fuel-neutral by 2026 and free by 2050. It is also funding numerous research efforts in the field.With the support of a grant from Harvard’s Climate Change Solutions Fund, Behrer and colleague Jisung Park, an assistant professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, who earned his Ph.D. at Harvard, are tracking the health effects of working in a hot environment and the ripple effects on the economy, including reduced productivity and pay.The study builds on Park’s earlier Harvard research that examined heat stress on student performance. Using new data from both the U.S. government and California, Behrer and Park will examine the impacts of heat on workplace safety across the entire country, as well as on a more granular, “finely resolved” state level.“Relative to the other damages of climate change, the impact of any given hot day is small, both in absolute and relative terms; some of our other work suggests that just one additional hot day removes a fraction of a percent of your annual take-home pay,” said Behrer, referring to lost time on the job that is heat-related. “When you start talking about going from eight extremely hot days to 50 extremely hot days, then that that adds up very quickly. It also adds up very quickly when you’re taking a fraction of a percent of pay away from large parts of the United States.”Behrer thinks his research could help experts as they continue to revise the process used to calculate the social cost of carbon — the measure in dollars of the long-term damage done by a ton of carbon dioxide emissions in a given year. Currently the figure is roughly $50 per ton. Adding heat, especially its mortality impacts, into that calculation “could increase that number by 25 to 50 percent, or possibly more,” said Behrer.He also hopes his work will inform policy and contribute to the conversation around a national standard for workplace heat exposure. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health has published criteria for a recommended standard for on-the-job heat stress, which includes recommendations for employers about how to prevent heat-related illnesses. Three states, California, Washington and Minnesota, have adopted their own standards for workplace heat exposure, but a federal requirement doesn’t yet exist.Behrer said such a national code could be costly to firms that already comply with workplace heat recommendations, and that regional humidity levels could mean a state-by-state regulatory approach is more efficient. “We’re still uncertain a national standard is the best approach,” said Behrer. “That’s one of the questions we are aiming to answer with our research.”Shining a light on the nation’s rising inequality is another important dimension to Behrer’s work. Lower-wage workers such as landscape, construction, and agricultural laborers are set to suffer disproportionately as the planet warms, he said, and it’s not only those required to spend eight hours a day outside who are at greater risk.“Manufacturing is also one of the other big industries in which large parts of the working population are exposed to heat, because a lot of a lot of large-scale manufacturing installations are just simply too large to be air conditioned,” said Behrer. “So you’re inside in a very real sense, but the building is not climate-controlled in any way. It can actually be hotter inside the building than outside of the building. And so there’s a question about whether the standards should be targeted specifically at those working outside or just written more broadly.”Behrer, who loves the outdoors, said he always knew his professional life would be in “the environmental space.” He had intended to apply to law school after college, but early in his first year he found himself returning to a conversation he’d had with his father, a general contractor in Pennsylvania who had watched roofers adjust their start times to 3 a.m. to avoid the brutal afternoon sun. “We talked about how it seemed like the front in the environmental movement was shifting from the legal space to the economic space.”So he concentrated in economics, a field where he felt he could make the biggest impact. He sees his current research as vital in the effort to help mitigate the harmful effects of climate change.“I wouldn’t be working on this,” Behrer said, “if I didn’t think it was a huge, huge problem.” The warming Arctic permafrost may be releasing more nitrous oxide, a potent greenhouse gas, than previously thought Former Obama science adviser says somber intergrovernmental panel report may understate the urgency Mercury levels in fish are on the rise The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news.
DRESS TO KILL FOR TABOOFebruary 7 at 54 BelowDon’t be a guttersnipe! Come on in from the outside and attend the Church of the Poison Mind. Do you really want to hurt me? No. You don’t. So stop telling me pretty lies and book your tickets to the 10th anniversary concert of Boy George’s Taboo. Love is a question mark, but there’s no question that you’ll love seeing Jeremy Kushnier, Matthew Rowland, Samuel Buttery and more rock out. And always a plus, proceeds benefit Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS. Click for tickets! YUK IT UP WITH BENJAMIN WALKERFebruary 4 at Joe’s PubBenjamin Walker wants you to help him find something. That’s right, just you (and a bunch of other people) and the super studly Ben Walker are on a search to find the funny. Walker, known for his sorta serious roles in Bloody Bloody Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof really, really enjoys doing comedy. And he’s even more passionate about raising up the next generation of comedians. Also, it’s 10 bucks! Click for tickets! LET CHRISTIAN BORLE CHARM YOUFebruary 5 at New York City CenterIn his first New York City stage outing since he snagged a Tony Award for his awesome and unforgettable performance as Black Stache in Peter and the Starcatcher, Christian Borle is ready to woo you over and over and over and over (and over) again. In the Encores! revival of Little Me, Borle (in multiple roles with multiple accents!) plays all of Belle’s (Rachel York as young Belle, Tony winner Judy Kaye as older Belle) husbands and lovers. Click for tickets! JUDGE A WACKY PAGEANTFebruary 3 at Red Lacquer ClubWho will be chosen as Miss Glamouresse? Pageant: The Musical Comedy Beauty Contest is hosted by Tony nominee Brad Oscar and stars Nick Cearley, Frankie James Grande, Douglas Lyons, Alex Ringler, Marty Thomas and Seth Tucker as contestants singing, dancing and clawing their way to the fab tiara. It’s like Comedy Central meets Miss America. And judges for the pageant are selected from the audience, so the winner is in your hands! Click for tickets! Jeremy Kushnier Benjamin Walker View All (5) Judy Kaye CHASE FANTASIA’S LAST STORMFebruary 9 at Brooks Atkinson TheatreFantasia Barrino may have lost the Grammy for Best Urban Contemporary Album, but girl is just brushing that aside. Listen, it’s Tasia’s world and we’re just living in it. The R&B powerhouse has set the bar high as the first in a series of rotating guest stars in Broadway’s After Midnight, singing a killer rendition of “Stormy Weather” and more Duke Ellington hits. See her jazz it up one last time on February 9. Click for tickets! Christian Borle View Comments Yeah, we know it’s really freaking cold. And, yes, we know there’s some sort of big, important football game going on today and that Times Square looks like SportsCenter vomited all over it, but we’re not going to let these things get us down. Taboo is back in NYC, Christian Borle is leading an amazing new revival of Little Me and Fantasia is showing off her magical R&B pipes in After Midnight one last time. Check out this week’s must-see list! Fantasia Barrino Star Files
Prevention and enforcement Costa Rica’s Ministry of Public Security is building a new police compound for 195 officers who will work in a program to prevent violence and promote social inclusion as part of a national initiative against violent crime. Security plan “The fundamental goal of having new police command stations and police officers is to try to reduce the crime rate among at-risk youth in areas under the project’s influence, to try to prevent crime, and to decrease violent criminal activities, such as drug use, theft, smuggling of illegal medications, and human trafficking,” Vice Minister of Security Bernardita Marín Salazar told Diálogo. “There are situations where reactions are required in the more complicated zones, where enforcement measures are actually needed.” Matú explained. By Dialogo August 31, 2015 I think exploiting these subjects that comprise our national identity especially with the armed forces of all of South America and especially ARGENTINA where action and control are needed in areas where only the armed forces know how to do it because of their experience especially praying for all of them and doing vigils. God give them the discernment to do what is right for everyone and all human beings. Man does not live by bread alone, also by the word of GOD To “decrease the crime rate and increase the residents’ perception of security,” the compound will be equipped with 165 male and 30 female officers who will intensively promote crime prevention. The first of 11 planned compounds, it will be built in Liberia with an investment of about $2 million; it will cover more than 1,400 square meters, with detention cells, green areas, parking, office space, and a kitchen. Criminal groups sometimes turn young people into drug addicts and force them to sell narcotics, according to the country’s Judicial Investigation Department (OIJ, for its Spanish acronym). However, Costa Rican gangs typically sell drugs locally and don’t engage in international trafficking. “Plan Cuadrante will lead to valuable, close relationships between the police force and citizens,” Vice Minister Marín said. “Officers will know the exact crime situation in their communities and will be able to prevent crimes and take action immediately. This is a powerful strategy against crime.” Vice Minister Marín elaborated on their training. “Our police have a program aimed specifically at preventing drug abuse, and there is an excellent interrelationship among Public Security, the Drug Institute, the Ministry of Peace, and the Ministry of Public Education to jointly and comprehensively address the the drug problem among our youth as effectively as possible.” While the anti-crime strategy focuses on prevention, it does not preclude enforcement operations by police. The other 10 police stations will be built in the areas of Alajuela and Palmares in the province of Alajuela; Carrandí in Limón; Puntarenas, Esparza, and Parrita in Puntarenas; Guararí and Sarapiquí in Heredia; Pérez Zeledón in San José; and Santa Cruz in Guanacaste. They’re being funded by a $132 million loan from the Inter-American Development Bank to support Costa Rica’s strategy to prevent crime and violence. Police fight violence, crime Under this plan, police department assigns officers to specific quadrants to work with the community to prevent crime and conduct investigations. Police also use the R2Police technological tool, which collects statistics and drafts maps of crimes and unsafe areas in many communities; and finally, Plan Cuadrante calls for police to be transparent in their actions and accountable to the community. Police officials believe Plan Caudrante will help them lower the rate of violence in Costa Rica, where officials recorded 453 homicides in 2014 – a rate of 9.5 killings per 100,000 residents, an increase from the 8.6 killings per 100,000 residents in 2013. “The new police corps in the new units have more training in prevention and a higher level of education,” said Daniel Matúl Romero, a security analyst at the University of Costa Rica. The plan will help police combat organized crime groups who recruit young people to be small-time drug dealers, according to the report “Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime Threats in Costa Rica,” published by the country’s Judicial Investigation Department (OIJ). During the first three months of 2015, Costa Rica’s police recorded 3,054 assault reports, compared to 3,503 in 2014. The new facilities will help security forces implement their broad security strategy initiative, known as Plan Cuadrante, which is part of the Integrated System for Strategic Police Improvements (SIMEP) that was also launched in December 2012. SIMEP is based on a model adopted by New York City in 1995, which led to a substantial reduction of crime in that city. The decrease in assaults is “the result of the continual operation conducted by the police forces on the streets of Costa Rica,” Police Force Director Juan José Andrade said.
Addressing the challenges of how to better defend against and more rapidly detect data breaches involves much more than buying the latest technology, says security expert Haroon Meer.“We are hyper-obsessed with the latest [technology], and so, as an industry, we get pretty caught up in just about whatever the industry is selling,” says Meer, who heads Johannesburg-based security firm Thinkst Applied Research.Meer delivered the opening keynote speech at the recent Black Hat Europe 2015 briefings, focusing on how self-defeating behaviors can sabotage information security professionals’ ability to do the right thing (see 5 Secrets to Security Success).“We keep moving on as we try to solve new, shiny problems, which we then half solve, but we still haven’t completely solved problems that we knew about 20 years ago. And we are still getting actively taken out by those old problems,” Meer says in an interview with Information Security Media Group. “So in the end you end up with an enterprise full of half-implemented solutions, which half-protect you from something, and that sort of half-protection doesn’t hold up against determined attackers.” continue reading » 2SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr
Advertisement Comment Advertisement Former Arsenal and Chelsea hero Cesc Fabregas slams Boris Johnson’s lockdown plan Cesc Fabregas is not impressed with the UK’s response to coronavirus (Picture: Getty Images)Former Arsenal and Chelsea star Cesc Fabregas has blasted Boris Johnson’s response to the coronavirus pandemic, believing the current lockdown is too little and too late.It was announced by the Prime Minister on Monday evening that Britons could no longer leave the house unless it is for essential work, shopping, one form of exercise-per-day or medical need, for at least the next three weeks.While these may seem like extreme measures to some, Fabregas, 32, does not think Johnson has gone far enough, and he should have reached this point a lot sooner.Fabregas, who currently plays for Monaco, responded to a post from Match of the Day presenter Gary Lineker on Instagram, which read: ‘We’re in lockdown or whatever you want to call it. Much needed. Vital in fact. Stay indoors and stay safe everyone.’AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTThe Spaniard replied: ‘Two weeks too late and on top of that… Open parks, shopping, exercise allowed, walks…’ Visit our live blog for the latest updates Coronavirus news liveMore: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man CityFabregas’ home country imposed a stricter lockdown on 15 March, which did not allow people outside for exercise.The Spanish government are now looking to extend that lockdown until 11 April, at least, as the death toll rose to over 1,700, with Spain the second hardest hit European country after Italy.Pedro Sanchez, Spain’s prime minister, warned that worse is to come, speaking on Saturday: ‘We have yet to receive the impact of the strongest, most damaging wave, which will test our material and moral capacities to the limit, as well as our spirit as a society.’On extending the lockdown, Sanchez said: ‘I know it is a drastic measure…but experts agree that it is an effective measure in the fight against coronavirus‘We hope that with this measure, which is so drastic, so dramatic, so hard, which without a doubt has consequences on our families, we can bend the (growth) curb of coronavirus.’MORE: Arsenal manager Mikel Arteta provides coronavirus update: ‘I have recovered’MORE: Arsenal face stiff competition in race for Newcastle’s Matty Longstaff on free transferFollow Metro Sport across our social channels, on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.For more stories like this, check our sport page. Metro Sport ReporterTuesday 24 Mar 2020 8:08 amShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link773Shares
Source: twitter.com/MLP_officielTwo political groupings have dominated French politics since 1958: the centre-left socialists and the centre-right republicans. This pattern has remained constant for decades, even though the parties that represent each camp have gone through various incarnations.This time around, neither group is represented in the second round of the presidential elections. François Hollande, the socialist incumbent president, was so unpopular he did not even seek re-election. Benoît Hamon, the socialist candidate who stood in Hollande’s place, only managed to get about 6% of the vote in the first round.Meanwhile, François Fillon, the republican candidate, came third with less than 20% of the vote. That left the second round as a battle between Macron and Le Pen.Despite the fact that Macron is essentially a moderate candidate, the importance of this shift is huge. Even if he wins the second round – which is far from inevitable – there is no going back to the old system.This leaves the way open for a far more fluid politics. Investors will be operating in a new political environment over the coming years.Support for Macron could evaporate as fast as it emerged in such an uncertain climate. That could open the way for the Front National or for other, possibly new, political forces to emerge.There is no return to the past for French politics. Source: twitter.com/EmmanuelMacron Such a blinkered perspective is a particular problem for those – such as pension fund investors – who should be taking a longer-term view. Their focus should be the likely trends over the next few years, rather than short-term fluctuations in equity prices, bond yields, or the euro. IPE deputy editor Daniel Ben-Ami on the new-look politics of Europe’s second most populous countryRegardless of what happens in the second round of the presidential elections the old French political set-up has shattered.That will be the case even in the likely event that Emmanuel Macron is elected president on 7 May. The two camps that have dominated French politics since the establishment of the Fifth Republic in 1958 have lost their grip.Many commentators have missed the significance of this shift because they are fixated on the dangers of a victory for Front National’s Marine Le Pen. While such concerns are understandable, they have led many to miss the bigger picture.
SACI became the first private school in this city to close due to COVID-19. She added: “We are saddened by the decision, but we discern that this option will be for the good of SACI in particular and the community in general.” On May 27, the then school administrator of Angelicum School Iloilo Father Maximo Gatela announced that the school was shutting down by July 1, 2020 due to COVID-19. The Board also announced it had accepted the resignation of Gatela. Gatela’s announcement of Angelicum’s closure alarmed Mayor Jerry Treñas. He expressed fear that more private schools here could shut down, thereby adversely affecting the education of students and economically displacing private school teachers./PN In announcing Angelicum’s cessation of operation, Gatela cited the difficulty that the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created. SACI was established in 1986 and known then as the Polytechnic School of Iloilo. It offered the courses Business Administration, Hotel and Restaurant Management, Office Administration, and Accounting Technology. The school announced the closure through Facebook. On May 29, however, the Board of Trustees of Angelicum overruled the announced cessation of operation. “COVID-19 brought untold difficulties to education systems…We continue to pray for an end to COVID-19. We look forward to a journey towards healing, rehabilitation and development,” according to Natividad. In a “Corrective Statement”, the Board clarified that it and the Provincial Council of the Dominican Province of the Philippines “didn’t approve any cessation of operation.” The Dominicans, a religious order, operates Angelicum, a Catholic private school here offering preschool, elementary and high school education. “We apologize to those who are affected either in your education or employment. We seek your understanding,” according to Natividad. She, however, clarified that, “Our office remains open for those who transact business related to SACI.” “Knowing that even at this time no vaccine for COVID-19 is yet in sight, the Board of Trustees of St. Anne College of Iloilo, Inc. (SACI), in a special meeting held on June 4, 2020, unanimously approved to indefinitely close SACI effective this day,” read part of the official statement issued by the school’s president, Atty. Alma Natividad. Opened in 1978 with 70-plus students and four teaching staff, Angelicum School Iloilo pioneered the non-graded, open-classroom education system in the Philippines. ILOILO City – St. Anne College of Iloilo on R. Mapa Street, Barangay Tabucan, Mandurriao district has decided to close indefinitely, citing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic as reason. It is also known for the Lizares Mansion in its compound, a former heritage house and one of Iloilo City’s imposing landmarks.